For both men and women, blacks had lower hemoglobin levels than did whites, with no evidence for a skewed distribution in any race-gender stratum. As shown in Table 2, the overall anemia prevalence in the cohort was 14%, with a higher prevalence among blacks than whites (23% vs. 8%, P < 0.001).
What race is anemia most common in?
Another potential risk factor is race/ethnicity. Studies have found that anemia is 3 times more common in African Americans than in Whites .
Is anemia common in Africa?
Iron-deficiency anaemia is the most prevalent nutritional disorder in the world, affecting both developed and developing countries. The World Health Organization has estimated that approximately 1.6 billion people (i.e. close to one-fourth of the world’s population) have anaemia; Africa is the most affected region.
Why is anemia high in Africa?
The low bioavailability of dietary iron partly explains why the prevalence of anaemia in sub-Saharan Africa is higher than in any other region worldwide. The global prevalence of anaemia in 2011. Second, people in sub-Saharan Africa are disproportionally exposed to infections.
Why is anemia more common in African Americans?
So why are African Americans Affected More? SCD and SCT impact African Americans at disproportionate rates. This is simply because they both are evolutionary traits that individuals develop in response to help protect them from malaria. Around 50% of the global population live in areas where malaria exists.
Does anemia affect a certain race?
While a number of studies have reported differential distributions of anemia by age and sex, less attention has been devoted to disparities in anemia by race. According to NHANES III estimates, older non-Hispanic blacks were 3 times more likely to have anemia compared to older non-Hispanic whites (27.8% vs 9.0%).
What blood type is prone to anemia?
In the present study, it is found that anemia is relatively prone to the individuals having blood group B, A or AB. It is also discovered that individuals with blood group O are comparatively resistant to anemia in spite of large frequency distribution of O groups in general population.
What are iron rich foods?
- Red meat, pork and poultry.
- Dark green leafy vegetables, such as spinach.
- Dried fruit, such as raisins and apricots.
- Iron-fortified cereals, breads and pastas.
Which part of Africa is Sub Saharan?
Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara. According to the United Nations, it consists of all African countries and territories that are fully or partly south of the Sahara.
WHO report on anemia in pregnancy?
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that about 38% of pregnant women are anemic worldwide, with 18% in high-income countries and 35–75% in low- and middle-income countries. The rate of deficiency seems to increase as pregnancy progresses.
What country in Africa has the most iron?
Simandou, a 110-kilometer range of hills deep in the hinterland of Guinea in Western Africa, boasts the world’s largest untapped iron ore reserves.
What is the most common blood type of African American?
Most common blood type by ethnicity
African American: 47% O-positive, 24% A-positive, and 18% B-positive.
Do African Americans have lower hemoglobin?
Perhaps most importantly, the average hemoglobin level, hematocrit, and mean corpuscular volume (MCV) are lower in African-Americans than in whites.
Can a white person get sickle cell anemia?
Sickle cell disease affects millions of people around the world. While it’s very common in people of African heritage, people of other races and ethnicity can also inherit the condition. For example, white people can get sickle cell disease.